AskDefine | Define unit

Dictionary Definition

unit

Noun

1 any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange; "the dollar is the United States unit of currency"; "a unit of wheat is a bushel"; "change per unit volume" [syn: unit of measurement]
2 an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole; "the reduced the number of units and installations"; "the word is a basic linguistic unit"
3 an organization regarded as part of a larger social group; "the coach said the offensive unit did a good job"; "after the battle the soldier had trouble rejoining his unit" [syn: social unit]
4 a single undivided whole; "an idea is not a unit that can be moved from one brain to another"
5 a single undivided natural thing occurring in the composition of something else; "units of nucleic acids" [syn: building block]
6 an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity; "how big is that part compared to the whole?"; "the team is a unit" [syn: whole, whole thing]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A standard measure of a quantity.
    The centimetre is a unit of length.
  2. An organized group comprising people and/or equipment.
    He was a member of a special police unit.
  3. A self-contained military organization; usually a battalion, regiment, or naval ship.
  4. military informal A member of a military organization.
    The fifth tank brigade moved in with 20 units. (i.e., 20 tanks)
  5. Any military element whose structure is prescribed by competent authority, such as a table of organization and equipment; specifically, part of an organization.
  6. An organization title of a subdivision of a group in a task force.
  7. A standard or basic quantity into which an item of supply is divided, issued, or used. In this meaning, also called unit of issue.
  8. With regard to Reserve Components of the Armed Forces, denotes a Selected Reserve unit organized, equipped, and trained for mobilization to serve on active duty as a unit or to augment or be augmented by another unit. Headquarters and support functions without wartime missions are not considered units.
  9. An element of a ring having a multiplicative inverse. (Formerly just the identity element 1R of a ring.)
  10. (commerce) An item which may be sold singly.
    We shipped nearly twice as many units this month as last month.
  11. (UK) (electricity) One kilowatt-hour (as recorded on an electricity meter).

Synonyms

Translations

standard measure of a quantity
  • Arabic: (wáħda)
  • Bosnian: jedinica
  • Bulgarian: единица
  • Chinese: 单位 (dānwèi)
  • Croatian: jedinica
  • Czech: jednotka
  • Dutch: eenheid
  • Finnish: yksikkö
  • French: unité
  • German: Einheit
  • Hungarian: egység
  • Italian: unità
  • Japanese: 単位 (たんい, tan’i)
  • Korean: 단위 [單位] (danwi)
  • Lao: ໜ່ວຍ
  • Polish: jednostka
  • Portuguese: unidade
  • Russian: единица (jedinítsa)
  • Spanish: unidad
  • Swedish: enhet
organized group comprising people and/or equipment
  • Bosnian: jedinica
  • Bulgarian: единица
  • Chinese: 部件 (bùjiàn)
  • Croatian: jedinica
  • Czech: jednotka
  • Dutch: eenheid
  • Finnish: yksikkö, osasto
  • German: Einheit
  • Japanese: 一式 (いっしき, isshiki)
  • Polish: jednostka
  • Russian: единица (jedinítsa)
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: јединица
    Roman: jedinica
  • Spanish: unidad
member of a larger military group
  • Bosnian: jedinica
  • Bulgarian: единица
  • Croatian: jedinica
  • Dutch: eenheid
  • Finnish: yksikkö
  • Japanese: 部隊 (ぶたい, butai), 部門 (ぶもん, bumon)
  • Polish: jednostka
  • Russian: единица (jedinítsa)
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: јединица
    Roman: jedinica
algebraic unit
  • Bosnian: jedinica
  • Bulgarian: единица
  • Croatian: jedinica
  • Polish: jedynka
item sold singly
  • Finnish: kappale

Adjective

unit
  1. For each unit.
    We have to keep our unit costs down if we want to make a profit.
  2. Having a size or magnitude of one.
    All solutions lie within the unit disc centered at the origin.

Translations

for each unit
mathematical

References

French

Pronunciation

Verb

  1. third-person singular indicative present of unir
  2. third-person singular indicative past historic of unir

Romanian

Pronunciation

Participle

unit

Declension

ro-pp uni

Extensive Definition

The word unit means any of several things:
  • Unit (housing), in Australia/New Zealand - a self-contained suite of rooms within a set of similar dwellings.
  • Units of measurement, a fundamental quantity of measurement
  • Units (Unix), a command-line computer program that does unit conversion
  • Units conversion by factor-label, a widely used approach for performing Conversion of units
  • A unit can be a general word for a module or device. For more specific example, see next entry.
  • Functional unit, a component of a computer system such as the CPU
  • A unit can refer to a self-contained section of a building (or maybe a structure such as a cabin) meant to be rented or otherwise occupied by a party, such as an apartment or business suite. See Apartment.
  • In chemical engineering, a unit is a (usually) large vessel or section of a plant in which a unit operation goes on. See Chemical plant#Chemical processes.
  • Unit of action, a discrete piece of action (or beat) in a theatrical presentation
  • Multiple unit, a passenger train whose carriages have their own motors
  • Unit of alcohol, 10 millilitres of pure ethanol in the UK
  • In biochemistry, unit is the measure of enzyme activity.
  • In a 19-inch rack a rack unit is a standard height of 1.75 inches
  • Military units, including:
    • Unit 101, an Israeli special operations unit
    • Unit 731, a covert medical experiment unit of the Imperial Japanese Army, which researched biological warfare through human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and World War II
  • A Strategic business unit
  • A unit of blood, equal to one pint.
  • Unit Corporation, a United States oil and gas producer
In entertainment:
In mathematics:

References

unit in Arabic: وحدة
unit in Catalan: Unitat
unit in Danish: Enhed (flertydig)
unit in German: Einheit
unit in Esperanto: Unuo
unit in Spanish: Unidad
unit in Persian: واحد
unit in French: Unité
unit in Hungarian: Egység
unit in Ido: Unajo
unit in Italian: Unità
unit in Japanese: 単位
unit in Korean: 단위
unit in Polish: Jednostka
unit in Simple English: Unit
unit in Slovenian: Enota
unit in Chinese: 單位
unit in Latin: go suck a big one

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

I, KP, abampere, abcoulomb, abfarad, abhenry, abohm, abvolt, ace, ampere, ampere-foot, ampere-hour, ampere-minute, an existence, army, army group, article, atom, atomic mass, atomic number, atomic weight, battalion, battery, battle group, being, body, brigade, cadre, carat, centigram, cohort, column, combat command, combat team, company, component, constituent, corps, coulomb, creature, critter, decagram, decigram, detachment, detail, division, dram, dram avoirdupois, dyne, element, entelechy, entity, farad, field army, field train, fighting force, file, firepower, flying column, force, forces, garrison, grain, gram, half-life, hands, henry, hundredweight, individual, integer, item, kilo, kilogram, kilovolt-ampere, kilowatt, kilowatt-hour, kitchen police, legion, life, maniple, mass, megacoulomb, megaton, megavolt, megawatt, megohm, men, mho, microhenry, micromho, micromicrofarad, microvolt, microwatt, milliampere, milligram, millihenry, millivolt, module, mole, monad, no other, none else, nothing else, nought beside, object, ohm, ohm-mile, one, one and only, organism, organization, ounce, ounce avoirdupois, ounce troy, outfit, part, pennyweight, person, persona, personality, personnel, phalanx, picofarad, piece, platoon, point, portion, posse, pound, pound avoirdupois, pound troy, poundal, quantum, rank, regiment, roentgen, scruple, section, segment, single, singleton, slug, something, soul, squad, squadron, statampere, statcoulomb, statfarad, statvolt, stone, tactical unit, task force, the big battalions, thing, ton, train, troop, troops, units, units of weight, valence, volt, volt-coulomb, volt-second, watt, watt-hour, weight, wing, work force
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